Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
AAM: Air-to-Air guided Missile.
AAW: Air-to-Air Warfare.
AEW: Airborne Early Warning.
AIM: Department of Defense designation for any air-launched anti-aircraft missile.
Airfield: A base unit that has runways to launch aircraft.
Altitude Bands: The altitude and depth representations used in the Area00 Game system.
ARM: Anti-radar missile.
AS: Air Search, used in Sensors Screen displays.
ASM: Air-to-Surface guided missile.
ASROC: Anti-Submarine Rocket. A ship-launched weapon comprised of either a homing torpedo or a nuclear depth charge attached to a rocket booster.
ASuW: Anti-surface warfare.
ASW: Anti-submarine warfare.
AS/SS: Dual mode radar. both air and surface search capable in one unit, used in the Sensor Screen displays.
Base: In Area00 the general term referring to Airfields, Ports, Cities and combined Port/Airfield units.
Bastion: Any heavily-defended area of water. Normally, a bastion includes water partially enclosed by friendly shoreline, and cornered off by mines. Surface, submarine, and aircraft forces would patrol inside and outside this area, and acoustic sensors in the seabed would help detect hostile submarines.
Bearing: The direction in degrees from a detecting unit to a contact.
BINGO FUEL: Bingo Fuel refers to the amount of fuel until you must return to base, normally with a small reserve added. When you hit BINGO you must return to base or risk crashing for lack of fuel.
BO or BOL: Bearing Only or Bearing Only Launch. This refers to contacts for which you only have the bearing and not the distance and a Bearing Only Launch is the firing of a missile or torpedo down a bearing without having a complete bearing plus distance solution.
Bridge: The place within a ship where navigation and piloting occurs.
C Carrier Group S Ship Group U Submarine Group A Plane Group H Helicopter Group M Missile Group T Torpedo Group a Airfield Group P Port Group b Airfield and Port Group
Caesar: The Soviet fixed seabed passive sonar sensor system. Located on the ocean floor in the North Sea.
Cavitation: Submarine and surface ship propellers create small bubbles in the water if they spin at high speeds. These small bubbles almost immediately collapse, creating a sound called cavitation noise. As submarines go deeper, the pressure allows their propellers to spin faster without creating this sound.
CG: Cruiser Guided Missile. American designation for any cruiser armed with surface-to-air guided missiles.
Chaff: Strips of metallic foil, cut to the wavelengths of specific radar, used for jamming.
CIC: Combat Information Center, the tactical center of the ship, where enemy contacts are plotted and tactics planned and executed.
Class: In Area00 this refers to a specific platform type of which there may be many individual members. For example, the Iowa class of Battleships includes the Iowa, New Jersey, Wisconsin and Missouri as members of that class of ship.
CO : Command Officer or Wing Commander in Area00
CSUP: Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
CV: American designation for any aircraft carrier.
CVBG: American designation for an aircraft carrier battle group.
CZ: Convergence Zone used in Sensor Screen displays.
DD: American designation for any destroyer.
DDG: Destroyer Guided Missile. American designation for any destroyer armed with surface-to-air guided missiles.
Director: A sensor specific to a particular weapons mount, used to target the weapon before and/or during firing.
DO : Defense Officer in Area00
ELNT: Electronic Intelligence. The identification of specific enemy radar, as well as the platforms employing these radar, by the analysis of received radar signals.
Endurance: In Area00 this refers to airborne endurance (i.e. how far you can go before running out of fuel). By using the range circle options, you can visually determine your endurance distance for a currently set altitude and throttle setting.
ESM: Electronic Support Measures. Any system capable of detecting and analyzing enemy radar signals.
FLIR: Forward Looking Infrared sensor, carried by some aircraft and used to spot surface ships and surfaced or snorkeling submarines, used in the Sensors Screen displays.
FO : Finance Officer in Area00
Group: A collection of one or more Units within Area00. Most of your orders are given to Groups.
H/T: Combination Hull/Towed sonar. used m the Sensors Screen displays.
HF: Height Finding air search radar, used in the Sensors Screen displays.
Hunter-Killer: A naval unit whose purpose is to seek out and destroy enemy submarines.
KGB: Governmental branch of the Soviet Union responsible for State security. Combines the functions of the American CIA, FBI, and NSA.
Knot: Nautical miles per hour. A nautical mile is about 14% greater than a statute mile.
Loadout: In Area00 this refers to an aircraft's' specific ordnance load for a given mission type.
LOC: Line of Communication. Military term for any supply line extending from a country engaged in hostile activities to the front lines.
LR: Long Range.
MAD: Magnetic Anomaly Detection. A system which is capable of sensing disturbances in the earth's magnetic field caused by the presence of a large metallic object, such as a submarine.
MB: Mega Byte, or 1 million bytes of information.
Mount: A weapons mount in Area00. A mount contains a weapon, the ready ammunition for that weapon and possibly a sensor used to target the weapon, called a director.
nm or NM: Abbreviation for Nautical Mile.
Platform: Any vehicle capable of carrying a weapons system.
PR: Periscope Radar, used in the Sensors Screen displays.
RIM: Department of Defense designation for any ship launched anti-aircraft guided missile.
RO: Airborne Range Only radar, used in Sensors Screen displays.
SAG: Surface Action Group. A Surface action group is centered on one or more powerful surface ships such as cruisers and/or battleships and includes several escort ships for protection. Its mission is to provide heavy firepower when needed, as in support of an amphibious landing.
SAM: Surface-to-Air guided missile.
Sonar: Sound Navigation and Ranging. A sensor system capable of detecting underwater targets whether actively (i.e., through reflected sound waves) or passively.
Sonobuoy: An expendable sonar device used in anti-submarine warfare, normally dropped by aircraft.
SOSUS: The NATO seabed passive sonar listening system.
SOW: Stand-Off Weapon. Normally applied to an antisubmarine weapon (torpedo or depth charge) attached to a rocket booster.
SPIR: Shipboard Passive Infrared sensor, used in the Sensors Screen displays.
SR: Short Range.
SS: Either a Surface Search radar or the designation for a Diesel (non-nuclear) Attack Submarine, dependent on context.
SS-N-21: A type of Soviet cruise missile carrying a nuclear warhead.
SSBN: Submarine Ballistic Nuclear. American designation for any nuclear- powered submarine armed with intercontinental ballistic missiles.
SSM: Surface-to-Surface guided missile.
SSN: Submarine Nuclear. American designation for any submarine propelled by nuclear power.
Thermal Layer: The depth at which a sudden temperature change creates a 'layer' that tends to reflect sound waves, reducing sonar effectiveness. Also called the Thermocline.
TO : Tactic Officer in Area00
Towed Array Sonar: Any sonar device capable of being towed behind a surface ship, The advantage of a towed array sonar is that it can be employed beneath ocean thermal layers where a submarine might hide.
TVD: Soviet Intermediate High Commands in the various theaters of operation. TVDs are subordinate to the VGK (the Supreme High Command).
VGK: Supreme High Command of the Soviet Union responsible for all military actions. Comprised of the Minister of Defense, his five commanders-in-chief, plus six other deputy Defense Ministers for civil defense and other matters.
VCO : Vice Command Officer or Vice Commander in Area00
VO : Vice Command Officer or Vice Commander in Area00
VTOL: Vertical Take-off and Landing. Abbreviation for any fixed-wing aircraft capable of a direct vertical take-off.